中国印度尼西亚贸易与投资特刊–The Special Issue on China-Indonesia Trade and Investment (the 70th Anniversary of the Establishment of Diplomatic Relations)

习近平同印度尼西亚总统佐科
就中印尼建交 70 周年互致贺电
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国家主席习近平 4 月 13 日同印度尼西亚总统佐科互致贺电,庆祝 中印尼建交 70 周年。

习近平在贺电中指出,中国和印尼友好交往源远流长。建交 70 年 来,双边关系取得长足发展。特别是近年来,两国关系定位不断提升, 合作领域不断拓展,共建“一带一路”成果丰硕,在国际和地区事务 中密切配合,给两国人民带来福祉,为地区和全球的繁荣稳定作出重 要贡献。

习近平强调,中国和印尼在双边、地区和多边层面拥有广泛共同利 益,合作潜力巨大。中国将继续同印尼同舟共济,战胜新冠肺炎疫情。 我高度重视中印尼关系发展,愿同佐科总统一道努力,为中印尼全面 战略伙伴关系注入新内涵,为地区发展增添新助力。

佐科在贺电中表示,印尼在中国拥有悠久的历史和文化纽带,两国 领导人和社会各界交往密切,铸就了牢固的友谊。两国关系历经 70 年, 已日臻成熟,这是印尼和中国取得的显著战略性成果。两国在各领域 不断创造合作机遇,造福了两国人民,值得双方引以为傲。在全国战 略伙伴关系框架下,双方秉持合作精神,必将推动两国不断发展和繁荣, 为地区和世界和平、稳定与繁荣作出贡献。

序言 – PREFACE

2020 年是中印尼建交 70 周年,回顾 70 年历程,中印尼关系 沐雨栉风,砥砺前行,走过了不平凡的发展道路。

建交 70 年来,印尼和中国在各个领域的合作关系不断加强, 双边关系取得长足发展,各领域尤其是经济领域合作成果丰硕。 2019 年中国对印尼投资达 47 亿美元,由 2015 年的第九大外资来 源国一举跃升到第二位。2019 年 1 月至 11 月印尼和中国贸易总额 为 724 亿美元,创历年新高。中国连续 8 年保持印尼最大贸易伙 伴地位,且年均增速达 18%。印尼成为中国企业投资海外的十大 目的地之一。雅万高铁等一系列重要合作项目稳步推进,基础设施、 产能、数字经济等两国合作新动能不断涌现。印尼已成为中国游 客在东盟国家中的第四大旅游目的地,中国有望成为印尼旅游市 场的最大客源国。

近年来,随着两国全面战略合作伙伴关系的建立,两国领导 人就对接“一带一路”倡议和印尼“全球海洋支点”构想已达成重要共识,两国政府已签署共建“一带一路”和“全球海洋支点” 谅解备忘录。目前,双方正在积极探讨和制定在这个框架下的合 作文件,就如何落实这个政治共识进行规划。两国发展战略对接 第一阶段标志性项目“雅万高铁”已进入全面实施推进新阶段, 第二阶段标志性项目“区域综合经济走廊”政府间合作也已取得 进展。四大经济走廊建设包括北苏门答腊、北加里曼丹、北苏拉 威西和巴厘 4 省综合经济走廊建设,正在推进可行性研究等工作。 这一系列重要举措,必将为两国关系的发展提供了巨大的动力, 必将为两国人民带来伟大的福祉。

中国与印尼在今年蔓延全球新冠肺炎疫情中的携手合作,再 次体现了双方守望相助、患难与共的真挚情谊。相信经过这次疫 情的考验,两国的伙伴关系将更加坚韧强大,两国人民的友谊更 加历久弥坚,两国在未来的合作更将不断深化,为中印全面战略 伙伴关系注入新的内涵,为地区和全球的繁荣稳定增添新的助力 !

Development of China-Indonesia Relations Shifts to a Higher Speed, and Bilateral Economic Cooperation Enters a New Stage!

The year of 2020 is the 70th anniversary of the establishment of the diplomatic relations between China and Indonesia. Looking back on the history over the past 70 years, China and Indonesia have overtaken many difficulties and obstacles in the development of bilateral relations, and have gone through an extraordinary development path in bilateral relations.

Since the establishment of the diplomatic relations 70 years ago, Indonesia and China have strengthened bilateral cooperation relations in various fields. And the two countries have made great development in bilateral relations, and achieved fruitful accomplishments in various fields, especially in economy. In 2019, Chinese investment in Indonesia reached US $ 4.7 billion, rising from the ninth largest source of foreign capital in 2015 to the second place in one fell swoop. The total trade volume between Indonesia and China from January to November 2019 was US $ 72.4 billion, creating a record high. China has maintained the status of Indonesia ’s largest trading partner for eight consecutive years, with an average annual growth rate of 18%. Indonesia has become one of the top ten destinations for Chinese companies to invest overseas. A series of important cooperation projects, such as the Jakarta-Bandung High-Speed Railway, have been steadily advancing. And new impetus for cooperation between the two countries in infrastructure, production capacity and the digital economy continues to emerge. Indonesia has become the fourth largest tourist destination of Chinese tourists in ASEAN countries, and China is expected to become the largest source country in the Indonesian tourism market.

In recent years, with the establishment of a comprehensive strategic partnership, the leaders of the two countries have reached important consensus on the docking of the “Belt and Road” initiative and the concept of Indonesia’s “Global Maritime Fulcrum”. And governments of the two countries have signed the Memorandum of Understanding on the “Belt and Road” initiative and the concept of “Global Maritime Fulcrum”. At present, the two sides positively conduct discussion to formulate the cooperation files under the framework (MOU), to conduct planning for the implementation of this political consensus. The landmark project for the first stage of the two countries’ strategic integration ” Jakarta-Bandung High-Speed Railway ” has entered a new stage of comprehensive promotion and implementation, and intergovernmental cooperation on the landmark project for the second stage “Regional Comprehensive Economic Corridor” has also made a progress. The work on feasibility studies of the construction of the four major economic corridors including the economic corridors in the four provinces of North Sumatra, North Kalimantan, North Sulawesi and Bali, is underway. This series of important measures will inevitably provide tremendous impetus for the development of bilateral relations between China and Indonesia and will bring great benefits to the peoples of the two countries.

The cooperation between China and Indonesia in this year’s spread of the new global pneumonia epidemic of a novel coronavirus has demonstrated the sincere friendship between the two sides for mutual help in distress once again. It is believed that after the test of this epidemic, the partnership between the two countries will become stronger and stronger, and the friendship between the two peoples will last longer, and the cooperation between the two countries will continue to deepen in the future, injecting new connotation into the comprehensive strategic partnership between China and Indonesia and injecting new vitality to regional and global prosperity and stability!

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