Based on the above-mentioned policies, different foreigners may adopt different entry strategies based on their visa type/status, nationality, and vaccination status.
If you are a holder of diplomatic visa, service visa, courtesy visa, or C visa (under ordinary visa), you should follow the entry policies set before the travel ban, that is, the Phase I policy implemented since March 28, 2020.
If you are not a holder of the above visas, but have been inoculated with China-made COVID-19 vaccines properly (that is, either vaccinated two doses of Chinese-made vaccines with the stipulated gap in between or a single-dose Chinese-made vaccine at least 14 days prior to the application) and obtained the vaccination certificate, then:
For necessary business activities, you and your family members can apply for corresponding visa by providing the documents as required before the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic. The invitation letter issued by relevant authorities is no longer required.
Out of emergency humanitarian needs (for example, for the purpose of reuniting with family, taking care of the elderly, visiting relatives, attending funerals, or visiting critically ill relatives), foreign family members of Chinese citizens or permanent residents of China, including spouse, parents, children, and other close relatives living together (referring to siblings, grandparents, and grandchildren) can apply for corresponding visa for entering China.
If you are holders of valid APEC business travel cards, you may apply for the M visa by presenting the original valid APEC business travel card and the invitation letter issued by the inviting party in China.
If you are not a holder of diplomatic visa, service visa, courtesy visa, C visa (under ordinary visa) and you have not been inoculated with China-made vaccines properly, then the entry strategy will depend on your nationality:
If you are from the countries that were subject to the policy under Phase III, including the United Kingdom, France, Italy, Belgium, Russia, Ukraine, the Philippines, Bangladesh, India, Nigeria, Ethiopia, Uzbekistan, and South Africa, you could try to apply for the special visa with invitation letter issued by relevant authorities in China – only out of emergency needs.
If you are not from any of the selected countries, but you are holding a valid residence permit for work, personal affairs, and reunion, you can enter China with the residence permit.
If you are not from any of the selected countries, and you are holding a residence permit for work, personal affairs, reunion, but your residence permit expired after March 28, 2020, you will need to apply for a new visa with the invalid residence permit. But you do not need to provide the invitation letter.
If you are not from any of the selected countries, but you are also not a holder of the residence permit for work, personal affairs, and reunion, you may apply for the special visa with invitation letter issued by relevant authorities – providing that you are entering for necessary economic, trade, scientific or technological activities, or out of emergency humanitarian needs.